Finlands second quantum computer has been completed

Finland has achieved a noteworthy technological milestone with the successful completion of its second quantum computer, a collaborative effort between VTT, a prominent research organization, and the Finnish quantum technology company, IQM Quantum Computers. This state-of-the-art 20-qubit quantum computer underscores Finland’s robust national technological prowess and its capacity to expand quantum computing solutions for tackling increasingly intricate problems.

The development of this quantum computer signifies a significant advancement in quantum technology, showcasing the nation’s high level of domestic technological proficiency and effective collaboration among industry stakeholders. Finland is now well-positioned to establish an entirely new industry focused on quantum technology, indicating substantial growth potential in this field.

Photo: VTT
quantum technology – Photo: VTT

“Finland is currently a global frontrunner in quantum technology. Investing in this area allows us to maintain this position. The scaling up of quantum computers provides Finnish businesses with the opportunity to further refine their expertise and technology, leading to exportable products, attracting international talent and investments. The economic benefits will extend into the future, with innovations benefiting Finland through intellectual property rights and tax revenues,” stated Antti Vasara, CEO of VTT.

Critical advancements in scaling up quantum bits (qubits) have been achieved in the development of the new quantum computer, resulting in increased computational power and enhanced capabilities for solving more complex problems. These advancements encompass improvements in integration methods and signaling. The project has also concentrated on refining manufacturing and packaging methods, enabling a greater number of qubits to be placed on a single chip and facilitating their electronic signals at temperatures close to absolute zero.

“While the current quantum computer boasts 20 qubits on a single chip, our manufacturing method allows for scaling the number of qubits even further. This marks a significant developmental direction as we aim to build larger and more efficient quantum computers,” explained Pekka Pursula, Research Manager at VTT.

Expressing pride in this achievement, Dr. Jan Goetz, CEO and Co-founder of IQM Quantum Computers, emphasized the significance of this milestone for their team and the entire European quantum ecosystem. He highlighted IQM’s commitment to advancing the strategic European agenda by fostering collaboration, attracting investments, supporting ecosystem expansion, and enhancing competitiveness.

The new quantum computer is located in Otaniemi at the national micro and nanotechnology facility, Micronova, which also hosts Finland’s first quantum computer. Initiated in 2020, the national project aimed to build a functional 5-qubit quantum computer, showcasing Finland’s quantum computing expertise. The overarching goal is to construct a 50-qubit quantum computer by the end of 2024.

“The completion of the quantum computer is a crucial step towards achieving the project’s ultimate goal of a 50-qubit quantum computer. The development work will continue in collaboration with IQM, and our objective is to upgrade the 20-qubit quantum computer to a 50-qubit quantum computer by the end of 2024,” stated Pursula.

Looking ahead, with additional government funding, efforts will be directed towards even larger goals. The quantum computer will be scaled towards 300 qubits, bringing Finland closer to realizing quantum advantage—a significant stride toward harnessing the power of quantum computing for practical applications.

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